Movement Analysis

Movements are often analysed by interpretation of the human eye, e.g. medical doctors examining patients. Alternatively, by optical motion capture systems that accurately track the movements of the body, but this requires a complicated setup in a laboratory. This is normally done in a clinical or laboratory setting. However, patients move in a different manner when they know a medical doctor is watching or when their movements are tracked in the lab. Therefore, we want to analyse pathological movement patterns in the natural environment of the patient.


In the last few years, there has been an increasing interest in using wearable sensors, like inertial measurement units (IMUs), to analyse movement patterns. IMUs measure acceleration and angular velocity in 3D. The IMUs can be used to collect data continuously in an unobtrusive and objective manner. The patient only has to wear one or multiple IMUs on the body throughout the day.

IMU data is pretty sensitive to noise, therefore different procedures have to be applied to optimize the signals. Thereafter, the data can be used for example for activity recognition, classification of different diseases or estimation of disease severity. This can help the medical staff to understand and quantify pathological movement patterns of patients. The medical staff can use this information for example to diagnose patients, to monitor disease progression, or to evaluate the effect of treatment.

This research is performed in close cooperation with the Neurogeriatrics group of Prof. Dr. med. Walter Maetzler.

Corresponding Publications:


E. Warmerdam, M. H. Pham, C. Hansen, W. Maetzler: P 130—The Influence of Different Settings on Accuracies of Gait Algorithms,  Poster,  Gait and Posture, 2018


M. H. Pham, E. Warmerdam, M. Elshehabi, C. Schlenstedt, L. Bergeest, M. Heller, L. Haertner, J. J. Ferreira, D. Berg, G. Schmidt, C. Hansen, W. Maetzler: Validation of a Lower Back “Wearable”-Based Sit-to-Stand and Stand-to-Sit Algorithm for Patients With Parkinson’s Disease and Older Adults in a Home-Like Environment, Front. Neurol., 2018 (doi: 10.3389/fneur.2018.00652)


L. Haertner, M. Elshehabi, L. Zaunbrecher, M. H. Pham, C. Maetzler, J. M. T. van Uem, M. A. Hobert, S. Hucker, S. Nussbaum, D. Berg, I. Liepelt-Scarfone, W. Maetzler: Effect of Fear of Falling on Turning Performance in Parkinson’s Disease in the Lab and at Home, Front. Aging Neurosci., 10:78, 2018 (doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2018.00078)


M. H. Pham, M. Elshehabi, L. Haertner, S. D. Din, K. Srulijes, T. Heger, M. Synofzik, M. A. Hobert, G. S. Faber, C. Hansen, D. Salkovic, J. J. Ferreira, D. Berg, A. Sanchez-Ferro, J. H. van Dieën, C. Becker, L. Rochester, G. Schmidt, and W. Maetzler: Validation of a Step Detection Algorithm during Straight Walking and Turning in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease and Older Adults Using an Inertial Measurement Unit at the Lower Back, Front. Neurol. 8:457, 2017 (doi: 10.3389/fneur.2017.00457)


M. H. Pham, M. Elshehabi, W. Maetzler: Validation of Gait Detection and Analysis, Proc. EMBC, Jeju, Korea, 2017


M. H. Pham, M. Elshehabi, L. Haertner, T. Heger, M. A. Hobert, G. S. Faber, D. Salkovic, J. J. Ferreira, D. Berg, A. Sanchez-Ferro, J. H. van Dieën, W. Maetzler: Algorithm for Turning Detection and Analysis Validated under Home-Like Conditions in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease and Older Adults using a 6 Degree-of-Freedom Inertial Measurement Unit at the Lower Back, Front. Neurol. 8:135, 2017 (doi: 10.3389/fneur.2017.00135)

Website News

07.08.2019: Talk from Juan Rafael Orozco-Arroyave added.

11.07.2019: First free KiRAT version released - a game for Parkinson patients

25.06.2019: About 30 pupils from the Isarnwohld-Schule in Gettorf visited us.

02.05.2019: Christin Baasch finished sucessfully her defense on the evaluation of Parkinson speech.

30.11.2018: New student project on driver distraction added.

Recent Publications


J. Reermann, E. Elzenheimer and G. Schmidt: Real-time Biomagnetic Signal Processing for Uncooled Magnetometers in Cardiology, IEEE Sensors Journal, Volume 15, Number 10, Pages 4237-4249, June 2019, doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2019.2893236


Prof. Dr.-Ing. Gerhard Schmidt


Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
Faculty of Engineering
Institute for Electrical Engineering and Information Engineering
Digital Signal Processing and System Theory

Kaiserstr. 2
24143 Kiel, Germany

How to find us

Recent News

TensorFlow and Escape Rooms

The last two days (Monday and Tuesday, September 16 and 17, 2019), the whole DSS team did a course on TensorFlow and Keras. Since we already have interfaces of TensorFlow to our real-time tool KiRAT, it was time now to extend our knowledge on graphs and the corresponding training of weights, biases, etc. After two days of hard work we booked two escape rooms and solved the "secrets" hidden in ...

Read more ...